Healthy life


´╗┐Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is characterized by sudden onset of fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches and rash. It can rapidly progress to severe and intractable hypotension and multisystem dysfunction. Desquamation, particularly on the palms and soles can occur 1-2 weeks after onset of the illness.


The bacteria that cause toxic shock syndrome can be carried on unwashed hands and prompt an infection anywhere on the body. So hand washing is extremely important.

Females can reduce their risk of TSS by either avoiding tampons or alternating them with sanitary napkins. If a girl uses only tampons, it's important to choose tampons with the lowest absorbency that will handle her menstrual flow and to change the tampons frequently. Between menstrual periods, it's a good idea to store tampons away from heat and moisture (where bacteria can grow) - for example, in a bedroom rather than in a bathroom closet.

Because staphylococcus bacteria are often carried on dirty hands, it's important to wash your hands thoroughly before and after inserting a tampon. If your daughter is just starting her menstrual period, she should know about taking these precautions. Any female who has recovered from TSS should check with her doctor before using tampons again.

The best defense against STSS is to clean and bandage all skin wounds as quickly as possible. Call your doctor immediately whenever a wound becomes red, swollen, or tender, or if a fever begins. Although STSS almost never follows strep throat, it's wise to check with your doctor whenever your child has a sore throat with fever, particularly if your child's condition is worsening despite medical treatment.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Call your doctor immediately if you experience the signs or symptoms of toxic shock syndrome, especially if you're menstruating or have just finished menstruating and have been using tampons. Tell your doctor what your symptoms are, how long you've had them and when your period started.

You may need to provide blood and urine samples to test for the presence of a staph infection. Samples from your vagina, cervix and throat may be taken for laboratory analysis by using cotton swabs.

Doctors typically diagnose TSS and STSS by doing a physical exam and conducting blood tests that assess a child's liver and kidney function. In toxic shock syndrome, doctors may want to rule out conditions like measles or Rocky Mountain spotted fever, which can produce similar symptoms. A doctor may also take samples of fluid from an abscess, boil, or infected wound to look for a possible source of staphylococcus or streptococcus infection.

Doctors typically treat TSS with antibiotics. If there is a pocket of infection, like an abscess, a doctor also may need to drain the infected area. A child who has TSS is monitored for signs of shock until the condition has stabilized and seems to be improving. Steroids are also sometimes used to treat severe cases of TSS.

As with TSS, doctors typically treat STSS with antibiotics and give intravenous fluids and medications to maintain normal blood pressure. Surgery is sometimes necessary to remove areas of dead skin and muscle around an infected wound.


´╗┐Contact lenses, or contacts, were originally developed to correct the wearer's vision without the need for glasses. This sits directly on the cornea of the eye and essentially does the exact function of traditional glasses but without the need for visible frames. In fact, contacts are almost invisible and are very lightweight. Some contacts have a very pale blue tint to them so that they are easier to see for purposes of insertion and removal but it is unusual for the lenses to be noticeable while they are being worn unless you are specifically looking for them.

Gradually the popularity of contacts grew as people realised how simple they were to use and wear and many then felt that they had other benefits. A large number of people choose contacts for reasons of vanity, believing they look more attractive without glasses than with them. They are also more practical in wet weather as they do not get rain drops on them, they don't steam up and they can be safer for those who enjoy playing sport as there is no risk of physical damage to the face which can occur when wearing glasses.

Following the success of contact lenses, demonstrated by the fact that it is believed that approximately 125 million people worldwide use them, further advancements were made. It was discovered that in addition to correcting visual problems, lenses could be given a color. When worn these lenses would give the impression of the wearer having a different eye color to that which they naturally have. For example, someone with brown eyes could choose to have colored lenses making their eyes appear green.

Initially colored contact lenses were limited to those who required contact lenses for the purposes of vision correction. However, those without the need for vision correction soon decided that they liked the idea of changing their appearance with contact lenses and so a range of coloured contacts was designed which had no effect on the vision of the wearer. These proved so popular that new and different designs were being launched with great regularity. The movie industry soon caught on to the potential of this type of lenses, known as cosmetic contact lenses, and use them for many characters who require an unusual and often eerie appearance. Musicians are also known for using this type of lens. Examples of those who have worn cosmetic lenses are Marilyn Manson and the character of Darth Maul in Star Wars Episode 1: The Phantom Menace.